The country’s mining history is recorded in the 1920s with work done at southwest Uganda’s tin and tungsten deposits. In the following decade, gold mining began near Busia. In the 1950s, the Kilembe copper mine was developed and it became the country’s largest mine. The 1950s and 1960s was an important phase for mining when it had a 30 percent contribution to the total exports of the nation. During the late 1980s, laying of roads led to increase in demand for construction material. In this section you will find information on Uganda’s industrial and artisanal mining sector. The mining industry in Uganda reached a peak in the 1950’s when mining accounted for up to 30% of the country’s exports. Revenues from mining increased 48% between 1995 and 1997. Uganda mineral potential remains untested due to very little exploration to date – the country has the potential to host gold, tantalite, copper and cobalt potential.
Small deposits of placer tin occur in southern Uganda and in southwest Uganda, tungsten mineralisation is found in two main zones, as wolframite and ferberite in quartz veins associated with graphitic shales, and as wolframite in beryl-bearing apatites.
Uganda also has a large columbium-tantalum resource associated with the country’s carbonatite intrusions, notably at Sukulu in eastern Uganda where pyrochlore occurs in eluvial soils. Gold is mined by artisans and on a semi-commercial basis at a variety of locations but production is difficult to quantify.

Uganda's mineral legislation »

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